family of cowpea

George Washington imported cowpeas from Jamaica around 1797. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. In Telegu, which is another Indian language the cowpea is called ‘alasandulu’. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. They were initially used for feeding cattle, which earns them the typical name. We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. Cowpeas are native to Africa where they were domesticated over 4000 years ago. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. Cowpeas are typically climbing or trailing vines that bear compound leaves with three leaflets. sesquipedalis), a subgroup of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume crop of Asia where its young pods are consumed in both fresh and cooked forms. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Cowpeas eventually travele… Genus: Vigna. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. Cowpea genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. Corrections? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Abstract. Cowpea is one of the oldest source of human food. 2017; Hall 2004; Timko … (IPM CRSP, 2000). Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is an important legume, especially in the hot, dry tropics and subtropics of sub-Saharan Africa. stenophylla Harv. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Two cowpea genes, VuCOL1 and VuCOL2, clustering together within Group I are clearly the closest homologs of the Arabidopsis CO, COL1, and COL2 genes (Figure (Figure5). The black-eyed pea is an example. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) vegetable plays a vital role in the health and nutritional security of human being and it belongs to the family of fabaceae, is a diploid with chromosome number 2n=22 and genome size is 600 Mb. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. Cowpeas are also called Black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the oval-shaped, cream coloured bean. The cowpea CO-like gene family has several interesting features. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. When she got married few decades ago, Salame continued farming and keeping livestock to support her new family, mainly in sorghum and cowpea production. 5). The crop has good morphological and biochemical qualities which make it Family: Fabaceae. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Family : Leguminaceae Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. 2. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. 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