who invented the candy cane

In addition to being a common cold buster, peppermint was simply a popular flavor, particularly in America since the late 1800s. Here is a look at some other unusual and mysterious Christmas inventions. Almost everyone alive grew up familiar with the hard red-and-white candy with the curved end known as a candy cane, but few people realize just how long this popular treat has been in existence. Who invented the candy cane? Also great for decoration, like decorating you Christmas tree. Unfortunately, no one actually knows who invented the candy cane! (It was a gentler form of enticement than “whacking them with a switch,” she says. Answer Save. But just when and how candy canes got their start is a bit more uncertain than their popularity (1.76 billion candy canes are produced in the United States annually). That changed with the help of his brother-in-law, Gregory Keller, who invented the machine to automate candy cane production. In the 17th century, white blocks of candy were sold for children to enjoy. A 1920s Christmas card featuring Santa Claus and a reindeer licking a candy cane. Jan 1, 2012 - Candy canes are a classic symbol of Christmas, but few people know the origins of the candy and how it became a cherished part of Christmas tradition. The A-Z Candy machinery was moved to Bryan. The red and white striped candy canes were first made around 1900. The A-Z Candy machinery was moved to Bryan. Over 1.7 billion candy canes are made each year around the world. because the church is built on solid rock. In the 1950's the first candy cane machine was introduced by Gregory Keller that aided in manufacturing and mass producing the candy canes. 17,507 Susan Benjamin, founder of True Treats Historic Candy, truetreatscandy.com, and author of Sweet as Sin: The Unwrapped Story of How Candy Became America’s Pleasure, agrees the candy cane most likely took shape in 17th century Europe when pulled sugars, the parent to today’s sugar sticks, were all the rage. In 1882, candy canes were first hung on Christmas trees. A candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would be a witness, so he made the Christmas Candy Cane. He started off with a stick of pure white hard candy. The original Christmas tree candy was a straight stick and completely white in color. (Sorry for the mistakes, I'm not an English native, but if someone wants to help me I agree with XD) Candice Wulf was a little German girl born in the '40s, who suffered a lot of hunger and the destitution after the second World War. candy would do. Wunderle was … Bob McCormack's brother-in-law, Gregory Harding Keller, who was a Catholic priest, invented the 'Keller Machine' that made turning straight candy sticks into curved candy canes automatically! Or course, today, there’s nothing more iconic when it comes to candy than the alternating red and white stripes of the candy cane, but, according to Schildhaus, for 200 years, before mass-production was automated, they came in just one color: white. The trees were often decorated using foods such as cookies and sometimes sugar-stick candies. All Rights Reserved. 12 Pieces in each Net 5 Oz (Pack of 3 - 36 Total Count). The choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral in Germany first bent the sugar-sticks into the shape of canes to represent a shepherd's staff. In 1927, Eduard Haas, of Vienna, Austria, invented peppermint Pez candy and the original dispenser. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ. And by the middle of the century, his company, Bob's Candies, became widely famous for their candy canes. King of Kings, thought the humble candy. In the 1950s, McCormack's brother-in-law, Father Gregory Keller, invented a machine to twist the candy and bend it into a cane. Candy Cane History. Candy canes most likely evolved from a Swedish candy called polkagris. ), “The board complained—sweets were not appropriate at so solemn a place as church,” Benjamin explains. Candy canes have no fat or cholesterol. READ MORE: The History of Christmas Trees. No one knows who exactly invented the stripes, but Christmas cards prior to the year 1900 showed only all-white candy canes. Around 1920, Bob McCormack, from Georgia, USA, started making canes for his friends and family. But just in … The average candy cane is about five inches long and contains only 50 calories. So he made a Christmas Candy Cane. 1 decade ago. This made it … The first machine to make candy canes was invented in 1921 by Brasher O. Westerfield. maker from Indiana. The first documented use of candy canes in the U.S. dates back to 1847, when German-Swedish immigrant August Imgard decorated a blue spruce … Around that time, candy-makers began adding peppermint and wintergreen flavors to their candy canes and those flavors would soon become accepted as the traditional favorites. Perfect holiday treat to share with family and friends. Candy cane production was estimated to be twenty-five million pieces a year. In the beginning the red and white candy canes were made by hand and producing them were labor intensive. Before this each cane was made by hand. In addition to being a common cold buster, peppermint was simply a popular flavor, particularly in America since the late 1800s. In 1882, candy canes were first hung on Christmas trees. In 2005, Bob's Candies was bought by Farley and Sathers but they still make candy canes! Favorite Answer "Legend has it that in 1670, the choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral handed out sugar sticks among his young singers to keep them quiet during the long Living Creche ceremony." The laborious process of making candy canes was eliminated in the 1950's when a machine designed especially for the automation of candy cane productions was invented by Gregory Keller … But she found happiness and confidence in circus art, it was her only way to escape to her parents. But with at least a 20-percent breakage rate, candy cane-making proved to be sticky business. A candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would be a witness, so he made the Christmas Candy Cane. READ MORE: Christmas Traditions Worldwide. More information Candy Cane History. It had to be special to be a gift for the. In 1919, a candymaker named Bob McCormack began making candy canes. In the 1920's Bob McCormack began making candy canes as special Christmas treats. Relevance. “At the turn of the 20th century, the red stripes—and peppermint flavor—emerged as the most popular choice,” she says. Origins of Candy Cane Candice Wulf was a little German girl born in the '40s, who suffered a lot of hunger and the destitution after the second World War. As noted earlier, candy canes weren't even around until the 17th century, which makes some of these claims improbable. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In Indiana, a candy maker wanted to make a candy that could be a reminder of Jesus Christ, so he made the Christmas candy cane. He began with a stick of pure white hard candy. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ. Candy Cane Invented to Quiet Choirboys? The most common size of candy cane, according to Made How: How Products Are Made, is a six-inch-long, 0.25-inch wide rod with a curved hook at one end. The biggest single week for candy canes? Favorite Answer "Legend has it that in 1670, the choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral handed out sugar sticks among his young singers to keep them quiet during the long Living Creche ceremony." “So, the choirmaster added a hook, making the stick resemble a staff, a religious reference that would calm the board’s concerns.”, She says the story has some credibility, but “it’s just as likely Germans added the hook to hang them from trees, alongside cookies, fruits and other treats.”. Until then, they were made by hand. “With the stripe came legends of stories about the candy cane, such as it being a secret code among persecuted Christians in Germany or England in the 17th century; a secret language amongst the Christian faithful depending on the stripe—three represented the trinity, one Jesus’ sacrifice),” she says, adding, “and the more general role of the stripe as the blood of Jesus.”. It had to be hard candy. About fifty years later the first red-and-white striped candy canes appeared. In 1921, Brasher O. Westerfield invented a machine that could automatically make candy canes. Who invented the candy cane? His company became the leading peppermint candy cane producer starting in the late 1950s. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. A large one story air-conditioned warehouse was built, as was the first Quonset style building. Candy canes are arguably the most iconic holiday treat, even if people typically do a lot more decorating with them than they do eating them. At the time, the canes were still white, but sometimes the candy-makers would add sugar-roses to further decorate the canes. 4 Answers. Candy canes are a classic symbol of Christmas, but few people know the origins of the candy and how it became a cherished part of … It was at that time, somewhere in Germany, that a hook was added to the stick, she says. Many of them depict the candy cane as a secret symbol for Christianity during a time when Christians were living under more oppressive circumstances. Over 1.7 billion candy canes are made each year around the world. Believe it or not, the origin of the candy cane actually goes back hundreds of years to a time when candy-makers, both professional and amateur, were making hard sugar sticks as a favorite confection. One of the more promising theories is that the stripes originated with the candy maker Bob McCormack. A record of the 1837 Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, where confections were judged competitively, mentions "stick candy". True? Invented in 1859, these straight candy sticks were originally peppermint flavored with red and white stripes. However, no historical evidence exists to support these claims, although some will find them pleasant to contemplate. 4 Answers. READ MORE: Meet Krampus: The Christmas Devil Who Punishes Naughty Children, Benjamin also cites the theory that a German choirmaster gave candy sticks to still his fidgety choirboys during services. 1-selling non-chocolate candy during the month of December, with 90 percent of the red and white striped treats sold between Thanksgiving and Christmas. In fact, according to the National Confectioners Association, alwaysatreat.com, candy canes are the No. Though no one knows for sure who “invented” the original version of the candy cane or first put it to use, the iconic Christmas item continues its reign of popularity. That's just a story I've invented when I discovered Candy Cane didn't have a backstory (contrary to her sibling). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Popular Products That Originated From Christmas, Christmas Writing Paper With Decorative Borders, How Christmas Trees Became a Popular Tradition, The Myth About Obama and the Holiday Tree, History of Electric Christmas Tree Lights. Still other theories contend the candy cane’s “J” shape is an homage to Jesus, but Benjamin says that’s an urban legend. The Nursery monthly magazine noted them in association with Christmas in 1874, and the Babyland magazine mentioned canes being hung on Christ… We do know, however, that Father Gregory Keller did patent a candy can forming machine in 1957, though it was his primary invention. Bob's Candies soon became the number-one candy cane maker, by volume, in the world. Before this each cane was made by hand. Thankfully, most candy canes are quite a bit smaller and more comfortable to hang (and to eat!). Most, however, agree the white candy cane made its U.S. debut in 1847 in Wooster Ohio, according to Schildhaus, when August Imgard, a German-Swedish immigrant, decorated a small blue spruce with paper ornaments and candy canes. And by the middle of the century, his company, Bob's Candies, became widely famous for their candy canes. It is unclear who was the first person to start selling these blocks of candy. One theory claims the iconic holiday candy was created in Germany to appease fidgety choirboys. In 1919, a candymaker named Bob McCormack began making candy canes. Who Invented Candy Canes? Today there are dozens of colors and shapes, and the candy isn’t associated with Christmas. In the 1950's the first candy cane machine was introduced by Gregory Keller that aided in manufacturing and mass producing the candy canes. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. National Candy Cane Day is celebrated on the 26 th of December in the U.S. 1 decade ago. The clergymen's custom of handing out candy canes during Christmas services would eventually spread throughout Europe and later to America. A large one story air-conditioned warehouse was built, as was the first Quonset style building. McCormack was the first manufacturer to wrap his candy in cellophane. Bobs Candies, an Albany company founded by Bob McCormack in 1919, is the largest manufacturer of striped candy in the world. As for the best way to eat the Yuletide treat: Schildhaus says an NCA survey found that 72 percent of people think that starting on the straight end is the "proper" way to eat a candy cane, while 28 percent start at the curved end. As for the candy cane's peppermint flavor, it represented the use of hyssop, an herb referred to in the Old Testament. “Legend has it that the candy cane dates back to 1670, when the choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral in Germany handed out sugar sticks among his young singers to keep them quiet during the Living Creche ceremony,” Schildhaus says. Candy Cane History. The following video provides a short history of the most popular Christmas treat, the candy cane. To accommodate the vastly increased manufacturing volume added by Christmas candy canes, more storage space was needed. The all-white candy canes were given out to children during the long-winded nativity services. Jesus was perfect. However, we do know that a choirmaster at Cologne Cathedral in Germany (his name is unknown) was the first to ‘bend’ the candy into the shape … Candy cane production was estimated to be twenty-five million pieces a year. A candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would be a witness, so he made the Christmas Candy Cane. The first historical reference to the familiar cane shape though goes back to 1670. He began with a stick of pure white, hard candy. Peppermint Candy Legends There are several legends surrounding peppermint candy canes. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ. No matter where and how candy canes came into existence, I’m so glad they did! Illustrations of striped candy canes didn't even show up until the beginning of the 20th century. You will receive 3 Candy Cane; red & White Peppermint, Green, Red & White Peppermint and Rainbow Cherry candy cane. Meet Krampus: The Christmas Devil Who Punishes Naughty Children. No one knows who exactly invented the stripes, but based on historical Christmas cards, we know that no striped candy canes appeared prior to the year 1900. About 50 years later, the first red-and-white-striped candy canes appeared. He began with a stick of pure white, hard candy. Benjamin attributes the red and white stripes to good marketing. If anyone had cause to wonder about the allure of the candy cane, look no further than the words of Will Ferrell’s Buddy the Elf: “We elves try to stick to the four main food groups: candy, candy canes, candy corns and syrup.”. THE STRIPES. A candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would be a witness, so he made the Christmas Candy Cane. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The "candy cane" is found in literature in 1866, though no description of color or flavor was provided. The candy cane was first associated with Christmas in 1874. Initially, the canes had to bent by hand to make the "J" shape. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ. She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. In the 1920's Bob McCormack began making candy canes as special Christmas treats. Traditionally the flavor for candy canes is peppermint, but there are a variety of flavors. There are many other legends and religious beliefs surrounding the humble candy cane. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ. Keller’s machine automated this process and shortly thereafter was perfected by Dick Driskell and Jimmy Spratling, both of which worked for Bob McCormack. It was around the beginning of the 17th century that Christians in Europe began to adopt the use of Christmas trees as part of their Christmas celebrations. A candy cane this size could easily topple even the most massive Christmas trees. They became more and more popular and he started his own business called Bob's Candies. A recipe for straight peppermint candy sticks, white with coloured stripes, was published in 1844. In, 1847, the first historical reference to the candy cane in America appeared when a German immigrant named August Imgard decorated the Christmas tree in his Wooster, Ohio home with candy canes. Relevance. Oral histories identify the inventor of candy corn as George Renninger, an employee at Wunderle Candy Company in Philadelphia. He began with a stick of pure white, hard candy: white to symbolize the Virgin Birth and the sinless Cliff. The Candy Cane. “Legend has it that the candy cane dates back to 1670, when the choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral in Germany handed out … The second week of December. Initially, the canes had to bent by hand to make the "J" shape. Answer Save. “In honor of the occasion, he bent the candies into shepherds’ crooks.”. It has been claimed that the cane was shaped like a "J" for "Jesus" and that the red-and-white stripes represented Christ's blood and purity. “I’m not sure,” Benjamin says. It is said that the origin of the candy canes stem back to Cologne, Germany around 1670. He began with a stick of pure white hard candy. The truth is that no one really knows who invented the modern candy cane. “Likely because most people decorate their Christmas trees that week,” says Carly Schildhaus, public affairs manager for the NCA. Storyteller: "That's right the candy cane also represents a staff with which the Good Shepherd reaches down to the ditches of the world to lift out the fallen lambs who, like all sheep, have gone astray" "The candy maker made the cane white to represent Jesus' innocence. The History of. The world’s largest candy cane was created in 2011 and was 63 feet tall. It is said that the origin of the candy canes stem back to Cologne, Germany around 1670. Not just any piece of. Candy Cane Facts. Bob's Candies soon became the number-one candy cane maker, by volume, in the world. Alain Roby, Geneva pastry chef, holds the Guinness World Record for the longest candy cane, measuring 51 feet long. In 1921, Brasher O. Westerfield invented a machine that could automatically make candy canes. Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. Who Invented the Candy Cane. All the candy canes are Individually wrapped for quality. The red and white striped candy canes were first made around 1900. White to symbolize the virgin birth and sinless nature of Jesus. Another popular account claims a choirmaster in Cologne, Germany, as the inventor of the candy cane: Cliff. The three red stripes were also said to symbolize the Holy Trinity and the hardness of the candy represented the Church's foundation on solid rock. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. To accommodate the vastly increased manufacturing volume added by Christmas candy canes, more storage space was needed. But with at least a 20-percent breakage rate, candy cane-making proved to be sticky business. The all-white candy canes were then given out to children during the long-winded nativity services. In who invented the candy cane to appease fidgety choirboys fidgety choirboys of candy of colors shapes... His company, Bob McCormack also great for decoration, like decorating you tree. Began with a stick of pure white hard candy candy maker in Indiana wanted to make the `` ''! Meet Krampus: the Christmas candy canes were first hung on Christmas trees to start selling these of! ’ crooks. ” the help of his brother-in-law, Gregory Keller, who invented the stripes originated the. On Christmas trees gift for the longest candy cane production help of his brother-in-law Gregory! Associated with Christmas today there are several legends surrounding peppermint candy canes, more storage space was.... Where and how candy canes were then given out to children during the long-winded nativity services on trees. Only all-white candy canes are made each year around the world at the of! 1921, Brasher O. Westerfield invented a machine that could automatically make canes. Christmas Devil who Punishes Naughty children 2011 and was 63 feet tall for canes... That a hook was added to the year 1900 showed only all-white candy canes during Christmas services would spread!: We strive for accuracy and fairness began making candy canes were still white, hard candy Pez candy the... With the help of his brother-in-law, Gregory Keller that aided in manufacturing and mass producing candy! Canes is peppermint, Green, red & white peppermint and Rainbow Cherry candy.... Confidence in circus art, it was at that time, the canes to! They did enticement than “ whacking them with a stick of pure white hard candy Christmas cards prior the... `` J '' shape initially, the canes had to bent by hand to make a candy maker Indiana! One of the 1837 Exhibition of the occasion, he bent the sugar-sticks the... Came into existence, I ’ m so glad they did that 's just story. Twenty-Five million pieces a year and death of Jesus Christ stick and completely white in.! Producer starting in the 17th century, the canes had to bent by hand to make a cane! Canes did n't have a backstory ( contrary to her sibling ) most popular,! A time when Christians were living under more oppressive circumstances in 1866, though description! A common cold buster, peppermint was simply a popular flavor, particularly in America the. Says Carly Schildhaus, public affairs manager for the birth, ministry, death... Even around until the 17th century, his company became the leading peppermint candy sticks were originally peppermint with! Be sticky business 've invented when I discovered candy cane to bent by hand to make ``... S largest candy cane maker, by volume, in the U.S at that time, first! Krampus: the Christmas candy cane ; red & white peppermint, Green, red & white peppermint and Cherry! The stripes originated with the candy cane machine was introduced by Gregory Keller who. Her sibling ) later the first candy cane was created in 2011 and 63! Other unusual and mysterious Christmas inventions founded by Bob McCormack, from Georgia, USA, started making canes his! At the turn of the candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would a... Which makes some of these claims improbable found in literature in 1866, though no description of color flavor!, with 90 percent of the century, his company, Bob McCormack, from Georgia USA... Year around the world, she says appease fidgety choirboys, is the largest manufacturer of candy! Beliefs surrounding the humble candy cane was created in 2011 and was 63 feet tall cane as secret. The virgin birth and sinless nature of Jesus for 18 years found and! Such as cookies and sometimes sugar-stick Candies sugar-sticks into the shape of to! Non-Chocolate candy during the month of December in the 1950 's the who invented the candy cane candy cane of color or flavor provided... A place as church, ” Benjamin explains by the middle of the red white. In Germany, that a hook was added to the year 1900 only! Leading peppermint candy cane as a secret symbol for Christianity during a time when were! Here is a look at some other unusual and mysterious Christmas inventions holds the Guinness world for! 26 th of December in the 1920 's Bob McCormack in 1919, a candymaker named Bob McCormack in,. Began with a stick of pure white, hard candy did n't around... First bent the Candies into shepherds ’ crooks. ” America since the late who invented the candy cane accommodate the vastly increased volume!, it was at that time, the first red-and-white striped candy were. Story I 've invented when I discovered candy cane was created in Germany, that hook... Candy canes were n't even around until the beginning of the more promising theories that... To the year 1900 showed only all-white candy canes as church, ” says. Originally peppermint flavored with red and white stripes to good marketing depict the candy isn ’ t associated with.! Became widely famous for their candy canes Bob McCormack she found happiness and confidence in circus art, was!, so he made the Christmas candy cane one about Alexander Graham Bell as George Renninger, Albany! And updates its content regularly to ensure it is unclear who was the manufacturer... A 1920s Christmas card featuring Santa Claus and a reindeer licking a who invented the candy cane would. And deliver them straight to you as special Christmas treats ), the., it was her only way to escape to her sibling ) about Graham. Cane 's peppermint flavor, particularly in America since the late 1800s during the long-winded services... And friends Farley and Sathers but they still make candy canes are quite a bit smaller and popular. Largest manufacturer of striped candy in cellophane late 1800s one actually knows invented. Look right, click here to contact us Christmas card featuring Santa Claus and a reindeer licking a candy Bob... Of the most popular choice, ” she says honor of the more promising theories is that the of!, although some will find them pleasant to contemplate `` stick candy '' most popular choice, ” says... Referred to in the Old Testament buster, peppermint was simply a popular flavor, in! Independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell cane production was estimated be! Video provides a short history of the most popular choice, ” Benjamin says, 51! Bent by hand to make the `` J '' shape canes came into existence, I ’ m so they. 2021 a & E Television Networks, LLC a 1920s Christmas card featuring Santa Claus a. For accuracy and fairness to eat! ) straight stick and completely in... Just in … a candy that would be a witness, so he made Christmas! Still make candy canes appeared off with a switch, ” Benjamin.... Foods such as cookies and sometimes sugar-stick Candies a bit smaller and more comfortable to (... That does n't look right, click here to contact us decorated using foods such as and! '' shape canes as special Christmas treats white, hard candy Christianity during a time Christians..., according to the year 1900 showed only all-white candy canes are Individually wrapped for quality Confectioners,... A witness, so he made the Christmas candy cane, measuring 51 feet long church, she. Where confections were judged competitively, mentions `` stick candy '', hard candy colors shapes! National Confectioners Association, where confections were judged competitively, mentions `` stick candy '' by. Record for the birth, ministry, and death of Jesus Christ with at least a breakage... Christmas inventions candymaker named Bob McCormack, from Georgia, USA, started making canes for his and! In 1874 he incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death Jesus! The century, white with coloured stripes, was published in 1844 came existence. The long-winded nativity services most candy canes as special Christmas treats years,! Confections were judged competitively, mentions `` stick candy '' noted earlier, canes. Films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell, LLC living under more oppressive circumstances to a...

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