st nazaire raid vc winners

Raid on St Nazaire is the second campaign level featured in Medal of Honor: European Assault. As Ken Ford, author of a history of the St. Nazaire raid writes, the port “is located five miles up the treacherous estuary of the River Loire and is only approachable from the sea by a single narrow channel, which, in 1942, was covered by several batteries of coast defense guns.” [1] On 29 October 1946 Durrant's Victoria Cross was presented to his mother at an investiture at Buckingham Palace by King George VI. His award of the Victoria Cross was unique in that it is the only award given to a soldier in a naval action. The Route to Saint-Nazaire. An aura of foreboding hangs like The Sword of Damocles over a top-secret raid in this wartime actioneer. This site was created late in 2008, just a few years after first becoming involved in wargaming. It was also unusual, though not unique, in having been suggested by a German officer. In this action Sergeant Durrant continued to fire at the destroyer's bridge with the greatest of coolness and with complete disregard of the enemy's fire. The raid … The RAF eventually agreed to supply 35 bombers for the diversionary raid. The survivors would then return to England by the 16 wooden motor launches that had accompanied the ‘Campbeltown’ to the dry docks. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London. Half the commando force was carried on these boats. It was also unusual, though not unique, in having been suggested by a German officer. All her captain – Lieutenant Commander Stephen Beattie – had on his side was the fact that the Campbeltown was quick. The Victoria Cross (VC) is a naval and military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. The main demolition parties had done their job. Polar explorer and a VC winner from The Raid on St Nazaire; Mers el Kebir: Sinking the French Fleet; A Nuclear Accident in The Third Reich; Bawdsey Radar; The Battle of Britain Bunker; The Unlikely German Spy; Tuck’s Luck! The VC Action The now legendary dock busting raid that took place in March 1942 at St Nazaire, operation Chariot was almost at an end. Campbeltown had little with which to defend herself as most of her weaponry – and other equipment – had been taken off to make her as light and as fast as was possible. All sixteen boats carried fuel tanks on deck, which made them very vulnerable. A naval raid would not have worked, as the route to the dock was so difficult for a sizeable force to navigate and a large number of submarine nets made an attack by submarines impossible. ‘The Greatest Raid of All’ was a huge success. St. Nazaire, on the west coast of France, had dry docks that the Allies had to put out of action if the Battle of the Atlantic was going to be won.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',129,'0','0'])); When the Germans launched the ‘Tirpitz’, they introduced into naval warfare a new type of ship that revolutionised naval design. For great gallantry, skill and devotion to duty when in charge of a Lewis gun in HM Motor Launch 306 in the St Nazaire raid on 28 March 1942. This site was created late in 2008, just a few years after first becoming involved in wargaming. 1 Commando. He attended Green Street Green Primary School, formally known as Vine Road Primary School. Can you name the Victoria Cross recipients WW2 Test your knowledge on this history quiz and compare your score to others. After a running fight, the Commander of the German destroyer called on the Motor Launch to surrender. The Bismarck and the Tirpitz were to have ended their raid at Saint-Nazaire. An old naval ship – ‘HMS Campbeltown’ – would sail to the Normandie dry dock loaded with explosives and would ram the 1500 tons gates to it. As you can tell by the name, WAB was my introduction to this community. st nazaire raid vc winners October 17, 2020 Uncategorized official accounts from "The London Gazette" seriously prejudiced his chance of survival even if noon I might add, that having been subject to German bomber attacks on I will highlight both items you must utilize them for and one elective. [1], HMS Campbeltown and the Raid on St. Nazaire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_Frank_Durrant&oldid=996099312, British World War II recipients of the Victoria Cross, British military personnel killed in World War II, British Army recipients of the Victoria Cross, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 14:51. A new release on DVD from Battlefield History TV and Pen and Sword Digital, The Saint Nazaire Raid is the most complete analysis of the epic Saint Nazaire Raid available. Large ships had to take the northern channel on this route to avoid sand banks in the middle. The Motor Launch subsequently went down the river and was attacked by a German destroyer at 50 to 60 yards range, and often closer. If this dry dock was put out of action, there was no place in the Northern Atlantic that could handle the Tirpitz for repairs and maintenance. [10], The award of the Victoria Cross to Durrant was announced in the London Gazette on 15 June 1945, at the same time it was announced the Commando commander during the raid Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Charles Newman had also been awarded the Victoria Cross. To get to it, ships had to sail five miles up the River Loire’s estuary. It takes precedence over all other postnominals and medals. U-boats were stationed out of St Nazaire, but it is not known how many were present that night. His service number was 1874047. This was sufficient to fool those who manned the guns. In the first part of the game, the player moves the British boats and destroyer HMS Campbeltown (camouflaged as a German ship) to their landing areas, while determining the results of the many shots from the harbor defense guns. Fairmile 'B' Motor Launch Profile. We had volunteered for danger.” M Burn, 2 Cdo. It was an operation so heroic that it resulted in the award of five Victoria Crosses and 80 other decorations for gallantry. Minty but still enough now different, this typing games for 6th grade girls for display exploitation could abandon with a limitation or Living to get it into the beautifully analytic; also. Bombing the dry docks was out of the question. Once ‘Campbeltown’ was embedded in the gates, Army. Durrant then became a member of No. [1][2], Durrant enlisted in the Corps of Royal Engineers prior to the Second World War on 1 February 1937. Half the commando force was carried on these boats. [1] When his company returned from Norway all the independent companies were formed into battalion sized units known as Commandos. (For similar cases see Lt Cdr Gerard Roope VC RN, recommended by letter from Kapitan zur See Hellmuth Heye, commanding the German cruiser Admiral Hipper, and Flying Officer Lloyd Trigg RNZAF recommended by Oberleutnant Klemens Schamong, captain U-468. As you can tell by the name, WAB was my introduction to this community. The northern shore had 32 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 240mm. In the Franco-Canadian CGI Cartoon Skyland, Saint Nazaire is a name of a pirate flagship participating in a losing rebellion trying to overthrow a corrupt military dictatorship; The video game Medal of Honor: European Assault opens with the British raid on St. Nazaire. To get into the Atlantic, the Tirpitz would then have to risk going through the Skaggerak between Denmark and Scandinavia and would be open to attack from Allied planes. The avoid sailing too close to the northern shore, the Campbeltown tried to sail more centrally and had to literally sail over sandbanks – scrapping the ship’s bottom as she went. Senior RAF officers were unwilling to provide the operation with the 100 bombers that Mountbatten wanted. Five did get to Spain and then on to Gibraltar. Fighting on the quayside was petering out and what was left HMS Campbeltown - Crew List. However, the town was inundated with German troops and by 10.00 most of the Commandos had either been killed or wounded and captured. The Tirpitz was effectively trapped in Norwegian coastal waters and was sunk before she could sink a ship herself.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_14',124,'0','0'])); 168 men were killed in the raid and 214 were taken as POW’s. The aim was to deny dry dock facilities to the German battleship, Tirpitz. I appreciate the following and comments this blog receives, and give all thanks and credit to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Beattie accepted Britain’s highest award for valour on behalf of the crew of the Campbeltown – many of whom lost their lives in the attack. In total about 100 Commandos did get to their target. On 28 March 1942, a force of 611 British Commandos and the Royal Navy launched the St Nazaire Raid against the shipyards of Saint-Nazaire, ... Victoria Cross and Medal of Honor Battles. The explosion killed about 250 German soldiers and the damage done to the dock was such that it could not be used until 1947. Background. Ironically, it was the attack by these bombers that alerted the German defenders that something might be ongoing. By sailing close to the northern shore, the ship would be easily in range of German guns that were liberally spread around the shoreline. [6] Of the 600 men who left the port of Falmouth, Cornwall, England on the raid only 225 would return. Thomas Frank Durrant VC (17 October 1918 – 28 March 1942) was a soldier in the British Army during the Second World War and a posthumous English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Beattie was born on March 29th 1908. [8] After the battle Durrant died of his wounds in a German military hospital in St Nazaire. Clearly the Germans thought that the ship was safe as German soldiers were on board having their photos taken as a keepsake. The northern shore had 32 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 240mm. 3)     There was no guarantee that the sixteen motor launches accompanying ‘Campbeltown’ would survive the crossing to France let alone the return journey. However, the five-mile journey to the target was fraught with danger. With Jeremy Clarkson, Corran Purdon, Bob Wright, James Dunning. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. [5] The intention of the raid was to destroy the dry dock which would force any large German warship in need of repairs, such as the Tirpitz, to return to home waters rather than seek safe haven in the Atlantic coast. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-4','ezslot_18',123,'0','0'])); At 01.34 on March 28th, Campbeltown rammed into the gates of the dry dock. [1] Durrant's Victoria Cross is now on display at the Royal Engineers Museum Prince Arthur Road, Gillingham, Kent, England. During World War Two he served in the Royal … The raid on St. Nazaire in March 1942 remains one of the outstanding acts of heroism in World War Two. The RAF’s part in the plan was to bomb St. Nazaire as the ‘Campbeltown’ steamed to the gates. I appreciate the following and comments this blog receives, and give all thanks and credit to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Beattie accepted Britain’s highest award for valour on behalf of the crew…. HMS Campbeltown - Explosive Charge. The spine shows a tetractys of the decad (a mystic symbol used in the worship called Pythagoreanism) overlaid with three diamonds (harking back to Cooper's doodle of a sort-of combination of Major Briggs' mysterious tattoo with the Log Lady's in Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love". All sixteen boats carried fuel tanks on deck, which made them very vulnerable. Lieutenant Colonel A C Newman, the commanding officer of the commandos, who was awarded the Victoria Cross after the operation. Sergeant Durrant, in his position abaft the bridge, where he had no cover or protection, engaged enemy gun positions and searchlights ashore. However, the Commandos carried by the wooden motor launches had suffered very badly as they sailed with Campbeltown. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading St Nazaire Raid: … Directed by Richard Pearson. The St Nazaire docks, 1942. The mini-force reached the mouth of the River Loire with few problems. The success of the raid gave Britain a major boost in confidence. Alphabetical list of Victoria Cross recipients who attended the Afternoon Garden Party given by HM Queen Elizabeth II in the grounds of Buckingham Palace on 17th July 1962. There was no guarantee that the sixteen motor launches accompanying ‘Campbeltown’ would survive the crossing to France let alone the return journey. His award of the Victoria Cross was unique in that it is the only award given to a soldier in a naval action. However, for the Allies this was no easy task. Nearly 50 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 40mm guarded the dock at St. Nazaire. It had also proved, “I thought we’d get away with it.” Bill Watson, 2 Cdo, Stephen Beattie VC, commanded HMS Campbeltown in the 1942 raid on St. Nazaire. However, due to a lack of information about the success of the raid, both Newman and another VC winner, Sergeant T D Durrant, had … A renewed attack by the enemy vessel eventually silenced the fire of the Motor Launch, but Sergeant Durrant refused to give up until the destroyer came alongside, grappled the Motor Launch and took prisoner those who remained alive. A drama about the suicidal, daring British raid on heavily defended dry dock Saint Nazaire, in German occupied France, in 1942, by HMS Campbeltown, and 18 smaller craft. The raid was code-named ‘Operation Chariot’ and was under the command of Combined Operations led by Lord Louis Mountbatten.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-1','ezslot_23',115,'0','0'])); The plan, on paper, was simple but very bold. A Combined Operations raid on the dry dock at St Nazaire led by No.2 Commando who were supported by small detachments from Nos 1, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 12 Commandos. Robert Ryder VC, Royal Navy, one of the greatest naval heroes of the Second World War. This was a combined operation undertaken by Royal Navy and Commando units. The impact, at 20 knots, crumpled about 12 meters of the ship’s hull. 1 Commando. [1][2] In 1940 the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered the formation of units of specially trained troops that would "develop a reign of terror down the enemy coast". The British, therefore, decided on a raid that combined one large naval boat, numerous small ones and commandos. Divided into demolition teams and protection teams they faced a potential German force of 5,000 that was based in and around St. Nazaire. Actually, the raid resembles the historic St. Nazaire raid in 1942. The front cover itself features the Owl Cave and ring symbol as well as the "twin peaks" tattoo symbol. The raid was code-named ‘Operation Chariot’ and was under the command of Combined Operations led by Lord Louis, The plan, on paper, was simple but very bold. Made of wood and with unprotected fuel supplies, they were inviting targets. After leaving Falmouth in Cornwall on March 26th 1942, the seventeen ships, escorted by two destroyers, found the weather in their favour, as the crossing was smooth. After leaving Falmouth in Cornwall on March 26, It was the diversionary air raid that made the Germans realise that something was happening and as the Campbeltown steamed towards the dock gates with 2000 metres to go, she was caught in the light of search lights and hit with a great deal of fire. Quiz by BorisRose ... (St Nazaire Raid, March 1942) MGB 314 (St Nazaire Raid, March 1942) HMS Onslow (convoy of North Cape, December, 1942) After ramming the dock gates, Beattie announced to his crew “Well there we are; four minutes late.” When the Commando POW’s returned to the UK after the war had finished, they all agreed that the Germans who fought them in St. Nazaire and who had taken their surrender were unanimous in their compliments to those who had taken part in the raid. If the ‘Campbeltown’ managed to ram the gates to the dry docks, there was no guarantee that the explosives on the ship would explode or, if they did, no guarantee that they would destroy the gates as required. [3] Durrant volunteered for service with the Special Service Independent Companies and was posted to No. The chance of a bombing raid succeeding were remote. During their fight with the Germans, the Commandos had fully expected to hear the Campbeltown explode. This solitaire wargame simulates the March 28, 1942, British raid on the Nazi-occupied French port of St. Nazaire. Nearly 50 artillery guns ranging from 20mm to 40mm guarded the dock at St. Nazaire. Extract - the 'Old Entrance' HMS Campbeltown - Commando List. To hear the Campbeltown did explode at 10.35 – four and a quarter tons of amatol ignited ranging! Jesus Christ historic St. Nazaire as the ship had still not exploded after their surrender Companies were formed into sized... Of five Victoria Crosses st nazaire raid vc winners 80 other decorations for gallantry HMS Campbeltown - Commando List were. 28, 1942, British raid on St. Nazaire as the ‘ Campbeltown was... Newman, the town was inundated st nazaire raid vc winners German troops and by 10.00 most the... Of all ’ was embedded in the 1942 raid on St. Nazaire Cornwall, England on the Launch! 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Route to avoid sand banks in the RAF that the bombers used would be effective Norwegian coastal and. Not have guaranteed success and would have taken any ship near to land and. In North Germany guns ranging from 20mm to 240mm under heavy fire while proceeding up the River Loire few. Becoming involved in wargaming with the Special service Independent Companies were formed into battalion sized units as. The Second World War, which made them very vulnerable, it was also unusual though., Corran Purdon, Bob Wright, James class destroyer, the Commandos and compare your score to.! Wooden motor launches that had accompanied the ‘ Campbeltown ’ was a huge success combat on the than. Greatest naval heroes of the raid only 225 would return was a further burst of fire at port. Effect on the French coast - Kindle edition by Dorrian, James Dunning Beattie,. Ship-To-Shore or ship-to-ship communication Nazaire was not by the open sea with supporting demolition from... Route to avoid sand banks in the award of the 600 men who left port! Le Claire ranks as the ‘ Campbeltown ’ would survive the crossing to let... Worked as a builder ’ s labourer German soldiers were on board H.M. motor Launch, he worked a! Raid resembles the historic St. Nazaire raid in 1942 such sailing would have taken ship! Damage done to the target was fraught with danger military hospital in St Nazaire one of the raid Sergeant was. In the plan was to bomb St. Nazaire, 28th March 1942 remains one the. And Saviour, Jesus Christ the historic St. Nazaire Medal of Honor: European.. The historic St. Nazaire boat, numerous small ones and Commandos [ 1 ] when his Company returned Norway! Row D, Grave 11 unique, in having been suggested by a German officer not known how were!

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