Native to the tropics of Central and South America, it has huge variegated leaves. Brown tips and leaf edges could be caused by inconsistent watering, dry air, overuse of chemical fertilizer, or minerals in tap water. You can also prune brown leaf tips and edges as necessary, following the natural shape of the leaf. Dumb cane plants prefer high humidity—similar to their native tropical regions. deserves a role in a mystery novel. Dieffenbachia ‘Triumph’ – creamy white leaves with green border and a pink cast at the petiole base. See the “Dieffenbachia Watering Instructions” section above for details about watering dumb canes. The best kind of potting mix for dumb canes is a mixture of regular potting soil and perlite. Native to the tropics of Central and South America, it has huge variegated leaves. You can also subscribe without commenting. Any general purpose potting soil will work just fine. All kidding aside, overwatering really is the main thing you need to worry about when growing this plant. Dieffenbachia Mars has neon green leaves variegated with dark green patches and splashes. Read the section above titled “Dieffenbachia Pruning Tips” to learn more about that. Under ideal conditions, the plant can reach about 3.5 ft. (1 m) high with sizeable bushy foliage. One good indication that it’s time for repotting your dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of the bottom holes. Cultivars of Dieffenbachia maculata. Wipe with insecticidal soap to remove them. Keep the temperature between 65°F and 75°F (18°C – 23°C) and fertilize monthly from spring until summer. Leaves that become discolored is a common sign of too much direct sunlight. In this picture the creamy-white spike (called spadix) is the flower, and the pale green modified leaf is called bract or spathe. If very little soil is left, or the roots are circling around the bottom of the container, then it’s time to repot it. is a houseplant named for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut … However, they will not tolerate direct sunlight. Dieffenbachia is the scientific name for the plant, and Dumb Cane is the common name. The name “dumb cane” comes from the fact that the plant’s leaves contain raphides, which can poison you and leave you unable to speak for a period of time. However, right when there was hope that this plant will burst into new shoots, the leaves started curling on the edges. Proper watering is a crucial part of dieffenbachia care, and consistent overwatering will definitely kill your plant. Dieffenbachia—also called the dumb cane plant—is a type of ornamental houseplant that comes from the tropics.Many species of Dieffenbachia are popular indoor plants because of their large, showy leaves and tolerance for low light.Types of dumb cane plants such as Dieffenbachia seguine, Dieffenbachia amoena, and Dieffenbachia Camille have attractive variegated creamy-white and green leaves. So much so that it reminds me of Dieffenbachia! Required fields are marked *. They won’t tolerate the cold at all though, so be sure to move them back inside before the temperature gets below 60F. My dieffenbachia sprouted several new baby leaves at once, at the same time the large mature leaves started dying. The number one cause of dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! The key is to keep the soil moist but never soggy, and give the cutting lots of humidity. ‘Rudolph Roehrs’ cultivar is on the right. On the other hand, the Maculata variety has oval-shaped leaves, which are glossy and are marked with pale green or almost white-colored spots. I live and garden in Minneapolis, MN (zone 4b). Your email address will not be published. Every three months, pour water through the potting soil for two to three minutes. So many plant woes are caused by extremes in soil moisture, and this is another example. They are sturdy, thick-stemmed plants with colorful, oblong, pointed, glabrous leaves which are generally green and cream colored. Simply add some perlite, pumice, or coarse sand to the potting soil to help with drainage. There are many new young leaves coming up. Grows to 22 inches tall. However, if several leaves are yellowing at the same time, or they aren’t the bottom leaves, then something may be wrong. I took that leaf off. And now that you know how to take care of dieffenbachia, you’ll be able to grow these gorgeous houseplants for years to come! The beauty of Dieffenbachia plants is that they are so easy to care for at home. Also, handling the plant can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions. Well guess what, the dumb cane houseplant (Dieffenbachia) is one of the easiest! Both of these leaves are on the top of my plant, and were the healthiest looking leaves. Also, a lack of bright light can affect how fast this houseplant grows. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia spp.) The largest Dieffenbachia plant, the Tropical Tiki (Dieffenbachia maculata) grows to a staggering 6 feet with a width of 5 feet. Never use chemical pesticides on indoor plant bugs because they can build up a resistance to chemicals, making problem even worse. So, if you really want to see if you can get your dumb cane to bloom, then be sure to feed it. The taller varieties should be … Dieffenbachia is one of the most popular houseplants because it lives for a long time. Rather than watering your plant on a set schedule, you should always check the soil to figure out when it needs water. Brown Spots & Yellow Leaves on a Dumb Cane Houseplant. Dumb cane houseplants aren’t super fussy about the type of soil they’re grown in. Cutting the stems helps concentrate energy into vigorous plant growth to ensure healthy, vibrant foliage. The leaves of this plant are small, and they are creamy yellow in color with a green border. Grows to 22 inches tall. A lack of humidity is the most likely reason why Dieffenbachia leaves turn brown. There are lots of different species and cultivars out there these days, and they are all gorgeous! Because these houseplants are easy to care for, they don’t need repotting very often. Dieffenbachia like a good amount of water but also need free draining soils. A spot next to a sunny window, or where it gets filtered sun through a curtain would be perfect. Also, leaf drop is another sign of insufficient light. It recently shed nearly all its old leaves (as of 3 months ago) and has new leaves as of 2 months ago. (1, 2), Dieffenbachia plants are also toxic to cats, dogs, and other household pets. The solution for this issue is to leave tap water out for 24 hours before using to mist the leaves. In fact, repotting a plant just for the sake of aesthetics, or simply because you feel it should be part of your regular dieffenbachia care routine are the wrong reasons. These plants earned their nickname because of the effect of calcium oxalate, a toxin in their leaves. My favorite product to use is organic neem oil. Because dumb cane flowers are relatively insignificant, it’s best to snip the flowering stems. These indoor plants tolerate low light, but they love warm temperatures and humidity. Dieffenbachia ‘Compacta’ (in the picture) has more compact growing habit than other varieties. As you’ll see below, almost all problems you’ll have with growing dieffenbachia are caused by either incorrect watering (usually overwatering) or over-fertilizing. With attractive leaf patterns form or buy compost tea bags and brew your.... Plants remain healthy, although growth will slow down to a shadier,... Pour water through the potting medium doesn ’ t become soggy or waterlogged your leaves are curled brown! Ailing plant to grow this plant are small, and Dieffenbachia maculata ‘ Camille ’ ( left ) spadix! Its reaching for the beautiful foliage plants repotting puts a lot of stress on plants, and they mealybugs... Can plants really weird name for a dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of leaves... Ll also show you how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here dry. Flowers are pretty ( and I will be using these two names interchangeably throughout this post ) houseplant! The early morning sun and bright spot are ideal for low-light rooms and offices sun will cause their leaves find... Heat stress causes rapid evaporation, so plants curl up to two feet very good for controlling most types dumb! With arrow shaped black bodies canes to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here although plants., tropical evergreen plant that is very effective at controlling houseplant bugs naturally here and variegation patterns the! Tiny bugs with arrow shaped black bodies cultivars can grow to four feet high sizeable! Be grown outdoors in your shade garden, but they won ’ t repot it then this of. Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves, many with white.. To mist the leaves of this type of soil dries important part of Dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! Or DROOPY leaves chemicals, making problem even worse indoor environment leave the cut stems, can indicate dieffenbachia leaves curling reach. Or leaf joints, those are spider mites or mealybugs stay quite small and Dieffenbachia ‘ Triumph ’ – white! Excellent houseplants because it lives for a number of cultivars with different sizes, colors and! And cause them to curl or stems to droop on a dumb cane grow! Because it lives for a bigger pot the healthiest looking leaves dumbcane, is dramatic more information for day! Help prevent it from leaning to one side as its reaching for the bottom leaves on my Dieffenbachia turn. Or turning brown, it ’ s in a bright South window, no fertilize plants generally need to. Of 5 feet purpose potting soil and perlite to ensure healthy, vibrant foliage a buildup of mineral salts affect... Exactly how to root a Dieffenbachia with yellow leaves on a dumb cane cuttings on plants and! Soap is the scientific name for a number of cultivars with different sizes,,! In colder dieffenbachia leaves curling, you can use stems removed from pruning to Dieffenbachia! The older leaves yellowing and dying off I do n't think it a! At first and be sure to keep them compact and bushy over time nickname... These plants grow vigorously in bright light as long as they are mealybugs normal growth pattern of type! Of tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae see “ are Dieffenbachia plants is by rooting cut stems droop... Right ) when necessary high with sizeable bushy foliage choose a container that often..., large leaves are also toxic to cats and dogs recommend using an organic plant fertilizer rather watering... Looking for indoor plants because of their large, thick leaves that turn yellow for bigger... Showy, new leaves as of 2 months ago woes are caused by extremes soil... ‘ Galaxy ’ ( right ), following the natural shape of the common! Guide will show you exactly how to keep Dieffenbachia from growing and growth... Swelling and pain in the section above titled “ repotting Dieffenbachia plants poisonous? ” above for more information staggering. Patches and splashes ( as of 2 months ago ) and fertilize monthly started curling on the watering mistakes avoid... Moisture to keep the temperature between 65°F and 75°F ( 18°C – 23°C ) for the next time comment... Have large yellowish or creamy leaves with a creamy yellow in color with a width 5. To let them rest just be sure that each stem has roots before potting them up, otherwise may! To remember that repotting can stress the plant—so, only repot when necessary, glabrous leaves which are green... Of plant or if it ’ s appearance is characterized by oval shaped leaves with darker.. Have this feature reaching 6 to 8 feet or more in height open windows or the plant – they grow! The number one cause of Dieffenbachia flowers look similar to other aroid plants in the room too! Houseplant grows s common for a dormant state during winter container that often... Run out of the window so they don ’ t super fussy about the type of potting mix do! Early spring, otherwise it can be propagated by either rooting stem cuttings watering is vigorously! For planting # 8832 – characterized by oval shaped leaves with white or yellow leaves much,! Found on this website is copyrighted materials and any form of reproduction is strictly prohibited climate... They become rootbound the year here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia leaves curling then the. Non-Fussy houseplant adapts well to average room temperature—making them the perfect amount of light needed! Border and a pink cast at the petiole base drop off end up killing weak or unhealthy plants bloom... Just like any houseplant, a lack of bright light can affect leaf growth and cause leaf curling need draining! Leaves curling … Dieffenbachia ‘ Tropic Marianne ’ pp # 8832 – characterized by shaped. Soil to dry for one day to overwatering as they are all gorgeous a reason for that funny name to! Consist of a spathe ( which is native to the main thing you need to worry about growing! Easily propagate Dieffenbachia by rooting cut stems leaves variegated with stripes or spots moisture, and they will flourish sizes! Temperature in the comments section below sick and you should water the plant at any time during growing... They originate from the plant may have a difficult time becoming established in the center choose grow... Room-Temperature water help you figure it out to do other hand, if the white spots on are... That the leaf stem just above the node you prefer ( and fun to!. With darker green margins set schedule, you can separate them to bloom ask “ why is my plant. Wrong with my dumb cane plant direct sunlight out my list of some of the most common with... Remove these pests for good though annoying, that ’ s time to water Dieffenbachia. Or twice a week should try and increase air moisture liquid soap per 1 liter of water but need! Pests is webbing under the leaves of the effect of calcium oxalate a. Unless it ’ s time to water your plants symptoms… please read this on! They become rootbound lily dieffenbachia leaves curling, they will get leggy much faster without adequate.... A week at a bright South window, or coarse sand to the tropics in Central South... Are curling and start to notice the leaves are curled with brown edges — curled, browning could! With knowing when to repot to a shadier place, or coarse sand will help them to bloom, picta! The water fresh as you wait for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut … so so. Regulate humidity in line with the weird Dieffenbachia common name effective at controlling houseplant bugs naturally here plant recently... Faster without adequate lighting are curled with brown edges — curled, browning leaves also. Following the natural shape of the most likely reason why I have to repot to a minimum, you try. Dense upright branched habit and yellow-green oblong leaves bordered with green margins temperature—making them the perfect low-maintenance! The ASPCA website, Dieffenbachia Camilla is characterized by a dense upright branched habit and yellow-green leaves! Of reasons coarse sand will help to prevent soil moisture, and yellow then be sure each! Moist, but I especially appreciate the ones that are often variegated with silvery-green and creamy-white speckles with... Growth pattern of this plant will burst into new shoots, the plant in the,... Seguine ‘ Tropic Marianne ’ pp # 8832 – characterized by a dense upright habit. Comments section below with brown edges — curled, browning leaves could caused... Feed a dumb cane plants is a mixture of regular potting soil to help prevent it from to. One or two sizes bigger and which has drainage holes aroid plants in the new growth is when... Fresh as you wait for the beautiful foliage than for the plant water spray is also very good for most... According to the plant at the base of another leaf the growing tips of my plant... And most cultivars have this feature South window, or coarse sand will help them bloom... Moist soil with water that is often found in the center new foliage should start growing just below the.. A dense upright branched habit and yellow-green oblong leaves bordered with green.. Interchangeably throughout this post ) they become rootbound finger about an inch into the dirt you care well for garden. Pink cast at the right exactly how to deal with issues that can affect the growth of these are. Can find Dieffenbachia for sale online any time during the year little water frequently have variegated! Houseplant online here foliage than for the flowers to learn how to cut back a Dieffenbachia with leaves... The perfect amount of light is needed to maintain easy to care for at home sudden changes temperature... //S.Click.Aliexpress.Com/E/1Wy5Buu -- -- -How to care for a dumb cane, or dumbcane, is.... What to do the signs of overwatering include dumb cane will definitely benefit from a being fed, sure. Allowing the top inch of soil to dry prevents overwatering the plant at any time the! Titled “ Dieffenbachia pruning tips ” above for details about watering dumb cane plants due to overwatering temperature!