which countries have abolished the death penalty

Russia retains the death penalty in law, but there is a moratorium. 36 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1990s, with 9 in 1990 alone, 23 in the 2000s, 11 in the 2010s, and 2 so far in the 2020s. The death penalty is legal in Belize and Guyana. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. Showing 1 to 51 of 51 entries "Almost 80% of African countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. In 2017, Mongolia repealed the death penalty. 2. In 2019, Asia had the world's 5 leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam. Today, that number has risen to 106 - more than half the world's countries. Death penalty for aggravated murder, murder, public comments, rape (if it results in the death of the victim), barbaric actions including torture, and aggravated rape. Hanging (in the past, for civil offences), firing squad (military offences). At a glance, many countries have effectively stopped practicing the death penalty despite it not being officially abolished. This is a increase from 16 in 1977. In 2018, The Gambia announced a moratorium as a first step toward abolition.[29]. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. 2009 and 2015 were the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions. Its existence can be traced to the beginning of the American colonies. Death penalty abolished November 2015 by Constitution. Brazil has always maintained the death penalty in wartime as part of its Military Code but, after Brazil became a Republic in 1889, capital punishment for civil offenses or for military offences committed in peacetime was abolished by the first republican Constitution, adopted in 1891. At the end is a list of countries which have abolished the death penalty since 1976. Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is only partly recognised, and claimed in whole by. Hanging, shooting. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. Death penalty for murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be proved. Since 1976, more than 75 nations have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, while others have abolished it for ordinary crimes. Extrajudicial executions are still commonplace. There were 657 recorded executions in 20 countries (excluding China, where thousands of executions are believed to have been carried out), with more than 25,000 people on death … Hanging. China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. Amnesty International understands that Hong Kong will remain abolitionist.5. After the end of the Cold War, many more countries followed. Abolished for ordinary crimes 1997. Most of these are in Western Europe and the Americas. Death penalty for. A total of 20 states – plus Washington D.C. – have abolished the death penalty. The self-proclaimed state of Transnistria, which is claimed by Moldova, still retains the death penalty but has observed a moratorium on executions since 1999. ", "Gesetzesinitiative: Israel will Todesstrafe für Terroristen einführen", "Murderers hanged in Japan's first executions of 2019", "15 convicted criminals, terrorists executed on Saturday", "Panel to examine whether to reinstate executions", https://www.centralasiapost.com/kazakhstan-abolishes-capital-punishment-17-year-freeze/, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/09/kazakhstan-takes-important-step-towards-abolishing-death-penalty/, https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/news/kazakhstan-signs-global-treaty-to-abolish-death-penalty, "North Korean official reportedly executed for breaking coronavirus quarantine", "South Korea: Death penalty abolition – historic opportunity", "Abolition of the death penalty by Kyrgyzstan", "Lebanon resumes executions after 5-year lull", "Lebanon: Further Information on Death penalty/imminent execution", "Brothers executed at Kajang Prison - Nation - The Star Online", "Malaysia continues to grapple with death penalty abolition", "Malaysia to keep death penalty, but no longer mandatory", "Après un long processus, la Mongolie abolit la peine de mort", "La peine de mort pour les crimes liés à la drogue en Asie", https://dpw.pointjupiter.co/country-search-post.cfm?country=Myanmar, https://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=118, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/taxi-driver-sentenced-death-rape-murder-fda-worker.html, https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/myanmar/, https://www.guancha.cn/politics/2020_05_19_550976.shtml, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/wa-authorities-say-two-men-executed-self-ruling-region.html, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/chinese-national-accused-of-murder-allegedly-executed-in-mong-la.html, "Gaza's Hamas Rulers Execute 3 Palestinians Over Israel Ties", "Hamas kills three alleged 'collaborators' in public execution", "Hamas kills three men in execution partially streamed on Facebook", "Hamas announces public executions that will 'take Gaza past Saudi Arabia, "Gaza: Hamas must end summary executions as 'informers' face firing squad", "The Death Penalty in Palestinian Authority", "BBC News - ASIA-PACIFIC - Philippines execution first of millennium", "Philippine House Votes to Reimpose the Death Penalty", https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/21/98178/, "Qatar: Death Penalty, Firas Nassuh Salim Al-Majali", "Crusading journalist wins case against Al-Jazeera", "Saudi Arabia: Five beheaded and 'crucified' amid 'disturbing' rise in executionsa", "Women executed by sword in Saudi Arabia", "Singapore death penalty shrouded in silence", https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202004010020, "Time for Tajikistan to End Death Penalty", "ความตายในรอบ 9 ปี 'ราชทัณฑ์' ประหารชีวิตนักโทษชาย คดีฆ่าชิงทรัพย์", "Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste", "UAE: Man who raped, killed eight-year-old boy Obaida executed", "The Death Penalty in United Arab Emirates", "Uzbekistan: Further information on: Fear of imminent execution/torture and ill-treatment", "Presidential Decree on the abolition of the death penalty", http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/world.html, "Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: The death penalty – inhumane and ineffective", "Yemen: Further information on Imminent execution, Fuad 'Ali Mohsin al-Shahari", "Yemen: Further Information on: Death by stoning and flogging", "Hate Crimes: Like the Taliban, America's Middle East Allies Tyrannize Gays and Women", "EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission", "The end of capital punishment in Europe", "Death penalty: Ratification of international treaties", "Karlovački monstrum nije imao milosti. The death penalty has declined dramatically around the world in recent years. The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. At least 20 countries performed executions in 2019:[26][27][28]. [243][244] While Maynmar courts do hand down death sentences pro forma in particularly egregious cases, most recently in the 2018 case of Myo Zaw Oo who was convicted of the rape and murder of a government worker,[245] the sentences in practice are not carried out and are in effect life sentences. [20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. There are 98 countries which have abolished … Nowadays, more than two-thirds of countries in the world have abolished capital punishment. No additional countries banned the death penalty in 2019 for the second year in a row, but Amnesty says that 142 countries have either abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. Of the other former Soviet republics, only Belarus and Tajikistan have not formally abolished capital punishment, and only Belarus uses it in practice. Last execution when part of Ethiopia was 1989. Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. Just over half the countries in the world – 106 – no longer had the death penalty by 2018, according to Amnesty International. Although many African countries have not officially abolished the death penalty, many have carried out no executions in the past 10 years or so. This, however, is far more than half the number of murders amongst the five countries with the penalty still in force. 1 (3%) maintain the death sentence in both law and practice. Significant Litigation. Wa state (officially the Wa Self-Administered Division) is nominally a semi-autonomous division located in two disconnected regions within Shan State. Amnesty International’s 2019 annual Global Report on Death Sentences and Executions reported that, as of December 31, 2019, more than two-thirds of the world’s countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Meanwhile the five such countries who have abolished the death penalty for all crimes are Honduras, Venezuela, Colombia, South Africa and Ecuador, with average homicides of 41.3 per 100,000 people. Countries That Still Have The Death Penalty. Death penalty for. While in recent years the UWSA has reached a détente with the Myanmar central authority, the Myanmar legal system does not apply in practice within Wa State. The table below presents the countries that have abolished the death penalty, in order of the year in which it was abolished. Death Penalty Information Center | 1701 K Street NW Suite 205 Washington, DC 20006, Phone: 202-289-2275 | Email: [email protected], Privacy Policy | ©2021 Death Penalty Information Center, Countries That Have Abolished the Death Penalty Since 1976. [147][148][149][150] The last execution in the Caribbean, and the last in the Americas outside the United States, was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. 7 (13%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. The last execution on Russian territory was in Chechnya in 1999. At least two executions were recorded in Belarus in 2019, compared to at least four in 2018. Abolishing the Death Penalty: As of July, 2018, according to Amnesty International, the capital punishment has been retained by the 56 countries of the 198 United Nations states. An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[251] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. Executions were recorded in 22 countries in 2014, the same number as 2013. The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment in Asia are Timor-Leste (2002), Bhutan (2004), Philippines (2006), Kyrgyzstan (2007), Uzbekistan (2008), Mongolia (2017), and Kazakhstan (2021). New death sentences and executions in the U.S. continue to decline. 4) … Death penalty enforcement. Current laws allow capital punishment for. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in all circumstances. 2 (14%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 04:49. 1 (1%) has announced a moratorium and plans to abolish capital punishment, but has used it within the last ten years. Hanging, firing squad, shooting. 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